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The Terminology and Parts Of A Grandfather Clock

The Terminology and Parts Of A Grandfather Clock

If you started looking for a grandfather clock and got confused with all the expressions used on the grandfather clock descriptions, then you came to the right place. Premier Clocks prepared a detailed guide on grandfather clock parts and terminology. 

Find a full selection of Grandfather Clocks here.

 

The Top Part of the Grandfather Clock

The Grandfather's Clock Top is called Hood or Bonnet and it houses the movement. The hood includes the Crown (the upper part) and the Face (the front part). 

Parts of a grandfather clock hood or bonnet feature clock crown and clock face - Premier Clocks

The Grandfather Clock Crown

There are four types of crown types that can include different parts and details

The split pediment crown in the center has a finial (sometimes also called an eagle), it is a wood or cast brass decoration. Some grandfather clock models also have two finials or spires on the sides of split pediment. 

Parts of a grandfather clock crown - Premier Clocks

The bonnet crown is a full arched facade that is also referred to as a hood.

Parts of a grandfather clock crown full arched facade - Premier Clocks

The flat top crown has simple details and decorations.

 Parts of a grandfather clock flat crown - Premier Clocks

The federal crown has a pinnacle facade

Parts of a grandfather clock federal crown with a pinnacle facade - Premier Clocks 

 

The Grandfather Clock Face

The central part of the Grandfather’s Clock Face is Dial.

Traditionally, the dial of the grandfather clock includes:
  • Hour hand 
  • Minute hand was added when the clocks had enough accuracy after the invention of the total escapement mechanism
  • Corner spandrels are decorative painted or applied corner frame elements
  • Center disk 
  • Chapter ring with numerals that can be Arabic or Roman
  • Winding holes
  • Chimes levers to adjust chime options 

     Parts of a grandfather clock dial - Premier Clocks

     

    Additionally, the grandfather clock face has:
    • Moon dial keeps the 29.5 day lunar cycle. The image of the moon moves showing the lunar date and position of the moon in the sky
    • Upper door with a lock to protect the clock dial and movement
    • Side access panel to the movement

    Parts of a grandfather clock face - Premier Clocks

     

    The Middle Part of the Grandfather Clock

    The Grandfather Clock's Middle is called the Waist Section or the Trunk. This part houses the grandfather’s clock mechanism that includes two important parts: the clock pendulum and the clock weights. Additionally, there is a door with the key lock to protect the mechanism parts.

     Parts of a grandfather clock waist section or trunk with pendulum, weights and locking door - Premier Clocks

    The Grandfather Clock Pendulum

    The Pendulum of the Grandfather Clock is a swinging weight used as a timekeeping element. It had influenced the design and style of grandfather clocks.

    Normally, the grandfather clock pendulum has: 
    • Pendulum stick or lure hung from a fixed support
    • Pendulum bob is the mass on the end of a pendulum
    • Cast center is the central part of the pendulum bob
    • Time adjustment screw is located on the bottom of the pendulum bob to regulate the time

     Parts of a grandfather clock pendulum - Premier Clocks

    The Grandfather Clock Weights

    The Weights of the Grandfather Clock can be attached with Cables or Chains.

    Normally, the grandfather clock weights have:
    • Weight shell banded or etched
    • End caps are the tops and bottom of the weight casing
    • Cable pulleys to carry the weights (for the cable-driven movement
    • Weight hooks and rings to carry the weights (for the chain-driven movement)

    Parts of a grandfather clock weights - Premier Clocks

     

    The Bottom Part of the Grandfather Clock

    The Grandfather Clock Bottom is called the Base Section.

    Parts of a grandfather clock base section - Premier Clocks

    The Grandfather Clock Base 

    The grandfather clock base section includes:
    • Base panel is the front part of the grandfather clock base
    • Base molding is decorative treatment
    • Clock foot 
    • Levelers under each clock foot provide stability on uneven and carpeted floors

    Parts of a grandfather clock base - Premier Clocks

    Contact Premier Clocks if you would like to get help deciding on the right type of a grandfather clock.

     

    More about grandfather clocks:

    ➤  The Common Styles Of Grandfather Clocks
      Why Grandfather Clocks Are Special





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